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The rights and obligations accompanying the student status are most broadly regulated by the Education Act and the Higher Education Act. For example, section 15 of the HEA states that students have the right to study-related and career counselling; they have the right to give feedback to the content of studies, quality of teaching and organisation of studies. They can also appeal decisions related to study organisation, elect representatives and be elected to collegial representative bodies. Additionally, it follows from clause 16 that public universities have the duty to allow students who study Estonian curricula and complete the necessary volume of courses attend university for free. The Higher Education Standard regulates the quality assurance requirements applicable to teaching. According to this law, the structure and content of the curriculum must meet the set objectives and learning outcomes. The Study Allowances and Study Loans Act states, among other things, that the interest rate for study loans is the 12 month Euribor + 2 per cent a year but no less than 5 per cent per year.
In representing students, Union members have certain rights and obligations. As members of a university decision-making body (institute council, faculty council, UT Senate), students have the right to be sent the corresponding materials within a reasonable timeframe, a right to participate in meetings and to vote. Due to this, they also have the duty to represent students to the best of their knowledge.
Representatives must familiarise themselves with the Representative Handbook and communicate with other representatives before council meetings. The Student Union follows its Statutes in all its activities.
The four faculties´s student council make up the University of Tartu student parliament which is the highest-decision making body of the Student Union. It is this parliament that elects the Union´s Board and has the power to hold a vote of no-confidence, that confirms the budget and has the right to strategically manage the Union. The parliament and other units within the Union follow the Statutes of the Union, the bylaws and the Election Rules. Besides this, at a national level, the Union´s activities are regulated by the Higher Education Act, the Education Act. The Union also abides by the Statutes of the University of Tartu, the most important act within the university.